PHP Next in an Associative Array…

This might me useful for some people…

If you want to echo the value of the next ‘key->value pair’ in an associative array. You can use:

$keys = array_keys($arr);
echo $arr[$keys[(array_search($key, $keys)+1)]];

Where $arr is the associative array, $keys is the $arr keys as values with numerical keys and $key is the $arr key of the key->value pair prior to the one you want to output.


$arr = array(
'12' => 'a',
'14' => 'b',
'20' => 'c',
'23' => 'd'

And you want to output the next value after ’14’=>’b’, which would be ‘c’. All you need to do is define $key = 14;

If you want to output the previous to ’14’=>’b’, just change the “+” to a “-“.

PHP Next in an Associative Array…

Coda 2 by Panic…

Here at hozzamedia we use Coda. A brilliant IDE for coding in PHP, HTML, CSS and JS by Panic. Amazing software (especially when coupled with Transmit [their File Transfer client)).

Panic have now finally released their new IDE Coda 2. With some major program and work-flow improvements, which I wont go into as you can see it all on their webpage for Coda 2.

However, I’ve never been to keen on the default syntax highlighting, and after using a Dreamweaver themed syntax highlighting for so long and feeling traitorous. I’ve built my own syntax colouring theme (in the old Coda 1 called a SeeStyle), called a SSS file.

My theme is based on various themes all over the net, feel free to use. Its easy on the eye and makes coding easier.

Download hozzamedia.sss

Coda 2 by Panic…

PHP Cleaning Arrays…

When arrays are built by user input. You can sometimes experience “blank” values within that array. Sometimes set to “0”, “FALSE” or “NULL”.

You can use array_filter to remove empty (NULL) elements:

$emptyRemoved = array_filter($linksArray);

If you have (int) 0 in your array, you may use the following:

$emptyRemoved = remove_empty($linksArray);

function remove_empty($array) {
 return array_filter($array, '_remove_empty_internal');

function _remove_empty_internal($value) {
 return !empty($value) || $value === 0;

Maybe your elements are not empty per say but contain one or more spaces… You can use the following before using array_filter

$trimmedArray = array_map('trim', $linksArray);


Sourced from:

PHP Cleaning Arrays…

PHP Strings and Characters

Here some simple tips to help with manipulating text, the simplest of things can be the most valuable. 🙂

First, if you only want to pull one character from a string, it’s a lot easier to use the following:

 $string = 'puppy';
 echo $string[0]; // p
 echo $string[1]; // u
 echo $string[2]; // p ...and so on

And here’s the basic concept behind the substr() function:

substr($string, start # [, length #])

– length is in brackets because it’s optional

Now let’s use this function to get a better idea of what it does.

 $string = 'categories';
 echo substr($string, 0); // 'categories' because we asked to start at the first character (which is 0 from the first example above) and goes right until end of string
 echo substr($string, 3); // 'egories' because started at the third character in the string and went to the end
 echo substr($string, -1); // 's' this is different from above because it starts at the end and goes left that number of characters
 echo substr($string, -3); // 'ies'

echo substr($string,0,-1); // 'categorie' strips last letter off
 echo substr($string,3,4); // 'egor' - starts at the fourth character (remember 0 is the first) and shows 4 characters total (length)
 echo substr($string,1,3); // 'ate' - starts at the second character and shows 3 characters total (length)
 echo substr($string,1,-2); // 'ategori' because we started at the second character and also stripped off the last two with the "-2"
 echo substr($string,-3,-2); // 'i' since we're starting from the third character from the left and then are stripping off two characters from that with the "-2"

I sometimes use this if I only want to display a preview description rather than showing the whole large description.

$text = 'Great for home, school or travel. Wonderful gift item!';
 echo substr($text,0,25).'...'; // displays "Great for home, school or..."
PHP Strings and Characters

PHP Add Key & Value to Beginning of an Array…

So it turns out there is no built in function to add a key and value to the start of an array. There is;


array_unshift() – Prepend one or more elements to the beginning of an array.


However, this will only add a value. So the method we use is to create a new array with the key and value you wish to add to another and use;


array_combine — Creates an array by using one array for keys and another for its values.


For example:

$existingArray = array("fred" => "orange", "john" => "IsaSpy");
$array['our_key'] = "our_value";

$newArray = array_combine($existingArray, $array);


PHP Add Key & Value to Beginning of an Array…

Fend off the bad bots…

I have now discovered a few tips and tricks to fend off those bad bots, crawlers, harvesters, you name it – all at the application layer.

First of all you need to create yourself a simple blocklist of IP’s, one IP per line, IP’s you don’t want visiting your site. (hopefully ours will be published for public use soon)


The PHP needs to be something simple like a script that checks if the users IP is in the text file and if it is, display a “No Entry Error”. Originally my script only displayed a HTML page with text along the lines of “Your IP address has been blocked from our network due to suspicious activity, you are being monitored. Continue reading “Fend off the bad bots…”

Fend off the bad bots…

Google Currency Conversion…

Well, the api is pretty straight forward.  It was found in the Currency Conversion gadget from iGoogle by

Here is the example:

And the resposnse looks like this:
{lhs: “100 Euros”,rhs: “191.745037 British pounds”,display: “DISPLAY_FULL_PAGE”,error: “”,icc: true}

Heres how to do it in PHP

$amount = "100";

$from_Currency = "EUR";

$googleResponce = file_get_contents('' . $amount . $from_Currency . '%3D%3FGBP');

$googleResponce = explode(',', $googleResponce);

$numberInGBP = number_format(round(trim(str_ireplace(array('rhs: "', ' British pounds"'), '', $googleResponce[1])), 2), 2);

echo $numberInGBP;
Google Currency Conversion…

PHP Link all URL’s in a string…

Wanted all the URL’s and email addresses in a string to become actual HTML link when echoed, for our notepad software (link redacted).

After a while of searching I came across this…..

function makeLink($string){
//make sure there is an http:// on all URLs
$string = preg_replace("/([^w/])(www.[a-z0-9-]+.[a-z0-9-]+)/i", "$1http://$2",$string);
//make all URLs links
$string = preg_replace("/([w]+://[w-?&;#~=./@]+[w/])/i","<a target="_blank" href="$1">$1</a>",$string);
//make all emails hot links
$string = preg_replace("/([w-?&;#~=./]+@([?)[a-zA-Z0-9-.]+.([a-zA-Z]{2,3}|[0-9]{1,3})(]?))/i","<a href="mailto:$1">$1</a>",$string);
return $string;

Makes all emails, mailto: and all links as links! Happy Days!

PHP Link all URL’s in a string…